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Network for Public Health Resource: Overdose Reporting Requirements

Tuesday, May 30, 2017  
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Fact Sheet: Overdose Reporting Requirements

Most of the overdose deaths that occur in the U.S. are due in whole or part to opioids— both prescription painkillers and illicit drugs like heroin. Recently, powerful synthetic versions of the drug fentanyl have begun to infiltrate the illicit drug market, driving a significant increase in overdose deaths. Unfortunately, variations in the way jurisdictions determine and report causes of death along with delays in obtaining and reporting fatality data results in an incomplete and out-of-date view of this growing epidemic. As powerful synthetic opioids become more available, it is imperative that health departments and other relevant actors are provided with accurate, timely and actionable information on both fatal and non-fatal overdose. This fact sheet provides a snapshot of current and proposed laws, regulations and sub-regulatory sources governing mandatory disease reporting.